Route of the Iberians Ausetans

Route of the Iberians Ausetans

The Iberians (the name the Greeks gave to the people of the Peninsula) came to this land in the Neolithic period (5000-3000 BC) and today its origin remains unclear. Some currents consider that came from the eastern Mediterranean regions. Other reviewers from countries further north, such as Ireland, Britain and France. What is no doubt that they were the creators of the great megalithic culture on which many samples are still preserved in Spain.

In Catalonia there are 17 Iberian sites which, in turn, are divided into seven different villages. On this route we will talk about the Ausetani, who inhabited the plain of Vic and the surrounding mountain ranges. In these areas, there are three sites: The Casol of Puigcastellet, L'Esquerda and El Cerro de Montgròs.

Golden as the sun

Named for the capital of their settlement, Aura or Asua (now Vic ), his name has given way to the region where they settled, Osona. In fact, today it is not uncommon to hear "ausetano" as adjective of the inhabitants of Vic. There is evidence that the origin of the name, at least, is Indo-European and could be translated as "golden as the sun".

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (Route Dels Ibers Ausetans Ausesken) They created fortified towns in strategic locations where a linked to livestock, possibly migratory, gradually was also making use of agricultural society he lived. Unlike other Iberian races, Ausetani protourbanos cores built large (for the time) that allowed them to build a strong social structure.

Defeated by the Carthaginian general Hannibal in 218 BC, they would be submitted by the Roman Empire in 195 BC, although they never stopped starring in several rebellions against the yoke of Rome.

Catalan Iberian steles

In the eighteenth century six stone steles of the period, both Ausetani deposits, as indigetes and layetanos found in Catalonia, whose dominant element lances were placed vertically.

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (Route Ibers Ausetans The Cogulló) On the mystery of these trails, which are not part of any rite of different ethnicities íberas it is believed that its origin is abroad. The philosopher Aristotle and mentioned in his writings stating that the Iberians had a habit of sticking spears into the tombs of the warriors. The number of nozzles corresponding to the number of enemies who had killed the dead.

Little else is known about them. But after studying in detail, it is concluded that they are the memory of the passage of Iberian troops who came from Aragon. In fact, it is in this region where they have found most of these trails, on their way to the Pyrenees mountains. And it was the natural border of the Pyrenees where most of the fighting, under orders from Rome starred, to prevent the invasion of Cimbri and Teutons.

That is, the trails have confirmed what many believed. Catalan Iberian peoples that come from Aragon and were initially warrior origin.

The Casol of Puigcastellet (Folgueroles)

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (The Casol De Puigcasteller Folgueroles) Take the county road C-25 and, after surrounding Vic, stay tuned to the output to take the N-141 which leads you to the secondary road BV-5215, address Vilanova de Sau, and passing through Folgueroles.

To reach the settlement must leave Folgueroles towards Vilanova de Sau, the N-141, we find a marked path that leads to the Casol of Puigcastellet. From there comes another road to the left that leads through a slope. A little less than two kilometers we reach the Iberian ruins.

This magnificent fort is located in the Guilleries, one of the twelve natural areas of Barcelona, ​​with an area of 8,300 hectares. Its location next to the River Ter, is privileged because from there the Ausetani controlled natural access between the plain of Vic and the lands around Girona. Ausetani were not fools, they chose the best places in Barcelona.

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (The Casol De Puigcasteller Ausetans Folgueroles) Protected by a great wall, it has a central tower and eleven inside walls dividing the various rooms in a practice known as "barrier fortification" architecture.

Although there are still many questions that archaeologists are made, it is known that it was only used for over 50 years, between 250 and 200 BC, just as the Roman conquest occurred.

L'Esquerda (Roda de Ter)

There are several ways to reach either on regional roads, good roads that although they have the disadvantage of requiring a slow driving, show spectacular natural landscapes.

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (Esquerda Roda De Ter Poblat Iber) Based on practical issues, we recommend you back on the road C-25 until, a few meters, the C-153, direction Olot, will lead you to Roda de Ter.

This impressive meander through the river Ter was here from the Bronze Age to the Middle Ages, a time of rest of the Romans. And it is that its cliffs were occupied from prehistory to the Middle Ages. Thanks to the ceramic remains and decoration, it is estimated that was built between the VIII-VII centuries BC

A cobbled street divided the city in half which different rooms open, many thought that they were used as warehouses and workshops. The enclosure was protected by a wall six meters width enormous rose at the end of V century BC, and accompanied by two massive towers at the entrance.

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (Esquerda Roda De Ter Poblat Iber Antropomorfiques Tombes) After the abandonment of the city and its subsequent destruction due to lack of maintenance, it was rebuilt, raising and building the fortification wall whose remains are still visible in this field, but this time as medieval. Unfortunately, the area is badly damaged and could not know the reason for this neglect.

Still, the main structures of the fortification, streets and shops of the Iberian period are still preserved. Accompanied, of course, a church, a cemetery and a medieval plaza.

The route set is perfectly marked, accompanied by all the necessary information. In addition, institutions have been commissioned to rebuild part of the ruins in order to make them more visual to visitors, along with pottery, furnishings and other objects that have been rescued from various excavations.

The Turo de Montgròs (El Brull)

To go to El Brull must undo the way back to the C-25 and bordering Vic. Take the regional road C-17 towards Seva, and then switch to the BV-5303 until you see the sign that I show El Brull.

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (El Turo De Montgros Ibers Ausetans) To get to Turó of Montgròs, take the road from El Brull towards Montseny and then appear indications that direct the village. A narrow path that will lead us down into the reservoir.

As it is no wonder, this Iberian fortification is in the Montseny Natural Park, a stunning location for their views and geostrategic importance. The imposing wall was built in 300 BC with a length of 145 meters and five wide, surrounded by a great moat. Then it is reinforced with several towers and a central peripheral.

Ruta dels ausetans IBERS (El Turo De Montgros Wall Ibers Ausetans) Experts believe that the Turo de Montgròs was a fort where to shelter the population and their animals in case of danger. His subsequent fire destroyed part of the fortification in full Punic Wars in 205 BC came back to life from the V to the fourteenth century AD, at the end of the Middle Ages.

What to do

Federació Pessebres Vivents de Catalunya

Tona (a 7.5 Km)

The Federation of Living Nativity Scenes of Catalonia is a non-profit cultural…

Read more

Guies Arania - Guies de muntanya i barrancs

Balenyà (a 5.9 Km)

A small adventure sports company specializing in canyoning, via ferrata, snowshoe routes,…

Read more

Fundació / Casa Miquel Martí i Pol

Roda de Ter

The Foundation's permanent exhibition reveals the life and work of Miquel Martí…

Read more

Parc d’Aventura Anigami

L’Esquirol (a 9 Km)

The Anigami Adventure Park at Mas Les Comes de l'Esquirol is a…

Read more

Where to eat

Braseria Les Comes

L’Esquirol (a 9 Km)

Located in the Anigami Adventure Park facilities, they offer menus of salads…

Read more

Restaurant Dachs

Les Llosses (a 24.9 Km)

Ideal for celebrating. It has a large parking lot, and disabled access.…

Read more

Hostal Restaurant Turó de l'Home

Santa Maria de Palautordera (a 17.8 Km)

Located in the center of Santa Maria de Palautordera, at the foot…

Read more

Where to sleep

Hotel Rural La Torre del Vilar

Santa Eulàlia de Riuprimer (a 12.8 Km)

La Torre del Vilar is a small rural hotel with only 7…

Read more

Hotel Can Pamplona

Vic (a 6.1 Km)

Hoel Can Pamplona is a hotel Bed & Breakfast damiliar located very…

Read more

Mas Codines

Sant Boi de Lluçanès (a 14.7 Km)

Relax and unwind with your loved ones at the Mas Codines family…

Read more

Hostal Montserrat

Montseny (a 10.2 Km)

Enjoy the Hostal Montserrat. A restaurant where you can taste typical dishes…

Read more


Raffle: A double entry for the Passion of Esparreguera

Read more

Draw: Catalonia in miniature

Read more


Escape Room Miquel Martí i Pol

Read more

60 €

Clue game «Everything is to be done and everything is possible»

Read more


28/03/2023 ...

Read more

Discover Montserrat in a balloon with cava and breakfast

28/03/2023 ...

Read more

Subscribe to our newsletters!

You will receive our monthly newsletter with new routes, promotions, sweepstakes, etc.. on your email!