1714 Route

1714 Route

Since 1980 Catalonia is celebrated National Day on September 11. This holiday commemorates the defeat suffered by the Catalan people against the troops of Philip V this day of 1714. Then, Catalonia lost its last Catalan state and institutional structures that were created since the Middle Ages.

This conflict was part of the Succession War that raged between 1702 and 1714 following the death of King Charles II without succession, sparking the confrontation between supporters of Philip of Anjou and Philip V and the Archduke Charles of Austria as possible candidates to have control of the Spanish monarchy.

The War of Succession was a conflict of international character, during which the great European powers.

To learn more about the events that took place in those days, from femturisme.cat, we invite you to make 1714 the route that passes through the five scenarios Catalan linked to the War of Succession, which behaved as we all know, the occupation of our land by Franco-Castilian troops and the consequent loss of identity. A tour of our historical memory that you can not miss.

d

La Seu Vella of Lleida

La Seu Vella of Lleida The route starts in the capital of one of the four provinces of Catalonia, Lerida . This city is identified mainly with a monument, the Seu Vella. It is located in one of the highest points of the city, on a cliff which states that a Muslim Mosque stood and where you can control the entire city and part of the plain of Segrià, especially, from the breakwater llengua of Serp (snake language) or the Queen's Bastion.

This monument has been of great importance in the history of Lleida . For starters, its construction lasted two centuries. This cathedral and its connection with the War of Succession is given when in November 1707 Philip V's troops entered the city of Lleida and conquer, subjecting it to a strong repression and looting. Even some of the people who took refuge in the Convent del Roser were unfortunately killed.

From this moment the city was controlled by Marshal Louvigny, who occupied the rooms of the Seu Vella, forcing the monks to move. Besides building converted into a prison and later in barracks, attributing this military religious space character.

The University of Cervera

University of Cervera Continuing in the province of Lleida we will move to the town of Cervera . This town also stands mainly for cultural element, the University of Cervera, who during the eighteenth century was one of the nerve centers of Catalonia as it was the only higher education center in Catalonia, because the remaining six universities existing, so far, were repressed. This center had up to 2,000 students, including some characters known as the philosopher Jaume Balmes, the politician Joan Prim.

This building was built when the War of Succession was terminated. And was conducted with the acceptance and approval of Felipe V, when it ruled the removal of the six existing centers until then, centralizing everything in a single university, of Cervera . It was started in 1718 to supply and the first course was held was the 1740-1741.

This decision Felip V was a social and economic incentive for the town of Cervera which sought to reward the loyalty of these people to the monarch during the War of Succession.

Is also currently building continues to stand out as one of the most monumental works of eighteenth-century Catalonia. And is one of the unique scenarios through which passes the famous party Coven.

Manresana Tower

This time we head to the town of the region of Anoia, els prats de rei , to visit the Tower Manresana. This tower is currently the only part still standing fronterero medieval castle that stood in this population.

Battle 1714 This tower was built in the twelfth century, although there is documentation that places its construction in 1034.

The connection he has with the War of Succession is that this space was the scene of a major episode of conflict. In the vicinity of where the tower tube a fierce battle between the months of September and December 1711, when troops clashed austriacistas and the Bourbon troops.

In this confrontation, the astriacistas deployed southeast of the town of Great Meadows and located its headquarters in the tower Manresana becoming a strategic observatory. The other side, the Bourbon army was between Calaf and Sant Martí de Sesgueioles.

This battle lasted four months, and concluded on December 20 with the Bourbon army fled towards Lleida , thus impeding its progress toward Cardona and then to Barcelona .

Cardona Castle

Castell de Cardona With the same desires to advance the Bourbon army, we moved to Cardona for a look at the significance of this town and its castle. Also, as has been hinted above, include this population as a stage of resistance to prevent the advance of the Bourbon forces.

The village was occupied by the army on November 17, 1711 but the castle, despite suffering one of the heaviest fighting, resisted the Bourbon army.

The castle lived different episodes of attacks until the military governor of the castle, Manuel Desvalls, had to accept the September 18, 1714 the final capitulation to it, a week later than Barcelona in which they agreed about the terms of surrender of the city (the September 11, 1714).

Rafael Casanova, defensive hero Barcelona

Rafael Casanova (1714) Rafael Casanova was a key figure in the War of Succession, especially in the episode that broke out in the city of Barcelona .

Barcelona was assaulted by the Bourbon troops but 5,500 men led and organized by Rafael Casanova defended the city resisted and army harassment, exactly, until September 11, 1714.

Rafael Casanova was a councilor of the City of Barcelona , although he was born in Moiá in 1660. Rafael Casanova lived in Moiá to 14 years-in-law who was moved to Barcelona to continue his law studies. For this reason, we invite you to visit the birthplace of this character, who has become a true hero to Catalunya and more details revolving around this guy.

The birthplace of Rafael Casanova has become a museum that houses a biographical explanation of Casanova, the municipal archives and archaeological and paleontological museum municipality.

The September 11, 1714 was shot and in order to save him from repression him to be dead and transferred and refuge in Sant Boi de Llobregat in-laws house.

 

Barcelona 1714 war

Where to sleep

Cal Gabarra

Viver i Serrateix (a 8.4 Km)

Rural houses with charm, tranquility and nature. An environment to live unique…

Read more

La Rectoria Vella

Sant Martí Sesgueioles (a 8 Km)

Independent, stone house (seventeenth century) completely restored, located within the core of…

Read more

Apartaments La Fonda

Cardona

Located in the medieval town of Cardona, known for its salt mines,…

Read more

Hotel Bremon

Cardona

Serenity and hospitality are hidden behind its ancient walls, which stop the…

Read more

El Portal Blau

Cardona

Blau Portal is an open space located in the historic center of…

Read more

Apartaments Real Lleida

Lleida

The Real Apartments are located in a privileged area such as Príncipe…

Read more

The Streets Apartments

Barcelona

The Streets Apartments was started by a group of travelers that wanted to offer…

Read more

Hotel Real Lleida

Lleida

3 star hotel in the commercial and administrative center of the city,…

Read more

Where to eat

Restaurant Dans le Noir? Barcelona

Barcelona

Dans le Noir? brings us the true essence of taste, makes us…

Read more

Restaurant Teresa Carles Lleida

Lleida

Teresa Carles is one of the reference Vegetarian Restaurants in Barcelona. Our…

Read more

Restaurant Teresa Carles Barcelona

Barcelona

Teresa Carles is one of the reference Vegetarian Restaurants in Barcelona. Our…

Read more

Pirineu en Boca

Barcelona

Pirineu in Boca was born in March 2015 as the result of…

Read more

Can Solé

Barcelona

One of the most emblematic restaurants in Barcelona and of the few…

Read more

Fàbrica Moritz Barcelona

Barcelona (a 1.3 Km)

The Moritz Barcelona Factory is a unique space, divided into three floors,…

Read more

Restaurant Barna Brew

Barcelona (a 1.4 Km)

There is no better place to try our beers, fresh directly from…

Read more

Restaurant Windsor

Barcelona (a 2.2 Km)

The Windsor restaurant, located in Barcelona, ​​is a benchmark of contemporary Catalan…

Read more

What to do

Barcelona és molt més

Discovers that Barcelona is much more! Near Barcelona have a world of…

Read more

Globus Barcelona

Discover the magic of a balloon flight balloon Barcelona. Balloon fly in…

Read more

OP & Kids, oci per a singles amb nens

Barcelona

At Op & Kids we are pioneers in Catalonia, specialists in weekends,…

Read more

Rutes BTT Sílvia Rovira

Cardona

Organization and design outputs hiking, mountain biking and snowshoeing (winter). It combines…

Read more

Un Cotxe Menys-Bicicletes

Barcelona

It offers a different way of getting to know Barcelona through a…

Read more

Biketours

Barcelona

Barcelona by bicycle, the best way to discover the city, in an…

Read more

Museu Eròtic de Barcelona

Barcelona

In the heart of one of the most beautiful and visited cities…

Read more

Lock-Clock Escape room

Barcelona

An Escape Room is much more than a game, it is a…

Read more

News

Live Christmas at the Baix Llobregat

Read more

Three award-winning cheese factories that we can not miss Llobregat…

Read more

Raffle: tickets to the Vidal Colonia Museum

Read more

Deals

Three Kings Week in Morocco with children. Beyond the desert!

Read more

Stay at the Primavera-Hostel to visit Barcelona

Read more

We take off!

Read more

55.00 €

Come find your Tió

Read more

Offer of kings in the Rectoria Vella

Read more

Events

Christmas acts in Vilaseca

14/12/2019 - 05/01/2019

Read more

Fair of the Purisima de Camprodon

06/12/2019 - 09/12/2019

Read more

Christmas Crafts Fair in Vic

06/12/2019 - 09/12/2019 ...

Read more

Festival of San Nicolás in Malgrat de Mar

04/12/2019 - 09/12/2019

Read more

Subscribe to our newsletters!

You will receive our monthly newsletter with new routes, promotions, sweepstakes, etc.. on your email!