Commemorates the events of 1714

Commemorates the events of 1714

In the year 1700 Carlos II died without descendants. This fact triggered a great international conflict. European powers vied for control of the vast Hispanic empire by proposing their candidates for the crown.

The warlike conflict was reflected in the Spanish Monarchy when the Catalans and most of the kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon supported Archduke Carlos of Austria and the countries of the Hague Alliance. For his part, Felipe de Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV of France, received the support of Castile and France. Thus began in 1702 an international warlike conflict around the succession of the Hispanic monarchy.

Catalonia managed to prolong the resistance until September 11, 1714, when Barcelona fell definitively. More than 20,000 soldiers began the definitive assault on Barcelona. The resistance of the Catalan people forced the Bourbon Army to even use the reserve troops, who had to fight street by street to subdue the city. Finally, after more than 4,000 victims, the Catalan capital surrendered to the invading troops. And a week later, the Castle of Cardona capitulates. The victory of Felipe V supposed the suppression of the governing bodies of the Principality and the imposition of the institutions and laws of Castilla, by the Decree of Nueva Planta, of 1716.

Throughout Catalonia you will find routes and didactic resources to learn and relive the most notable historical episodes of the War of Succession in Catalonia (1702-1714). Are you with us?

Barcelona defenders Guilds in 1714 (Part II)

Guild wax candlesticks The wax candlesticks worked the wax imported from North Africa or the Baltic. The wax that came from the bees was yellow and was used for…

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The main characters in the the siege of 1714

Rafael Casanova, character Capital Rafael Casanova is one of the main characters of the Barcelona site. Was chosen third counselor Barcelona as a supporter of Archduke…

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The Academy of the Distrustfuls

The Academy of the Distrustful The Academy of the Distrustful (Desconfiats) or Distrustful Academy was an institution created by scholars aristocrats in the city…

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Route of Catalan art in the 18th century

Reconstructions After the War of Succession, as happens in all wars, the territory must be rebuilt. In Catalonia, this reconstruction is made ??from a new stylistic…

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After the Nova Planta laws

The victory of Felipe V Once the troops of Philip V, after fourteen months of siege, the city fell to make Barcelona at your feet, everything changes. A new political…

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The coronelas and their battalions in 1714

The coronelas The main towns in the Principality of Catalonia had militarized urban militias formed by citizens of the various craft guilds. These militias were…

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Barcelona's defenders guilds in 1714 (Part I)

What is a guild? A guild is an association formed by a group of people doing the same job. Different guilds: butchers, carpenters, bakers, etc.. Formerly the guilds…

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Trying the 1714 food

The kitchen 1714 The Generalitat de Catalunya, with the Tricentari have organized an interesting gastronomic: Kitchen 1714. With this, they have opted for the recovery…

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Catalonia before 1714

Carlos V and Felipe III Come to the throne to 1702, Felipe V makes a series of concessions to the General Court of Catalonia. However, relations with France and…

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1714 Route

La Seu Vella of Lleida The route starts in the capital of one of the four provinces of Catalonia, Lerida . This city is identified mainly with a monument, the Seu…

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The Vigatans' Covenant

The Covenant of Vigatans In April 1705 the viceroy of Barcelona calls for all veguerías swear allegiance to the new king, Philip V, but the rector of the…

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The battles of 1714

Situation at the beginning of 1714 The central Catalan territory was defended mostly by the forces of Austria. Since the summer of 1713, the area was immersed in…

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Miquelets return to Hostalric Castle

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On November 23 and 24, the Giquenina Cultural Association of Historical Recreation Miquelets of Girona (with the collaboration of the Friends of the Napoleonic…

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During the first week of September, Olesa becomes the scene of the War of Succession (1705-1714), recreating the events that took place in the village of Olesa…

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02/12/2020 - 08/01/2020

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