Castell de Gelida Gelida

Camí Castell, s/n Gelida

Gelida castle (sX - XVIII)

The Gelida castle extends on a rocky spur of the Ordal mountain range, delimited between the streams of Cantillepa and San Miguel. The fortress, which has its origin in the 10th century in the context of the border that separated the territories of Al Andalus and the Catalan counties, is made up of the building of the castle and the church of San Pedro, also from the 10th century, an old parish from the castle and later from the town of Gelida.

The structures visible today are the result of a historical process during which phases of abandonment and reconstruction have taken place, also marked by changes in the functionality of the spaces.

A little history...

The origins of Gelida castle: some authors point to the existence of a previous Muslim fortification; who finds its justification in some specific structures of the castle and in the origin of the place name Gelida, attributed to the Berber tribe of the Ban? Gellidasen, from which the current name would derive and, therefore, with a meaning far removed from the popular interpretation that links it to the cold.

The frontier castle (sX - XIV): the origin of Gelida castle, as well as that of most of the fortresses of the defensive line of which it is a part, must be sought at the time of the repopulation of the right wing of Llobregat, which begins with Gifré Y from 878.

The first documents that speak of the castle are from the year 945 in the documentation of which is the expression "and n end of castrum Gellito".

This border castle had the function of controlling the border area that separated the territories of Al Andalus, south of the border, and the Catalan counties, north of the border. Specifically, the Gelida castle depended on the county of Barcelona.

Purchase of the Castle by Berenguer Bertran (1367): Berenguer Bertran was a very wealthy banker from Barcelona who, aspiring to ascend socially to noble status, bought the Baronía de Gelida, formed by the castle, other small towns, a large land extension and its inhabitants. He finds the castle in an advanced state of ruin and decides to reform it and condition it to his needs, more typical of a palace than a castle for war.

Berenguer Bertran died of the black plague and was buried after the sarcophagus in the church, along with his son Nicolás.

Abandonment and destruction of the castle: in the 16th century the castle has little population and sporadic military use; for this reason it is no longer a very comfortable place and the house of the Lord is built to the town to accommodate the lord of the castle when he makes his stays.

Gelida Castle did not have a different fate than most castles in Catalonia: in 1714 it was destroyed, albeit symbolically, with the demolition of the tribute tower by Philip V's troops in retaliation for the War of Succession.

From then on, the castle was abandoned and progressively collapsed, the vegetation invaded the enclosure and the stones were used to make new constructions or to supply the lime kilns.

What can be seen in the castle:

Church of San Pedro del Castillo (10th - 18th century): documented since 998, it was the parish of the castle and later of Gelida until 1871, when the new parish of Gelida was built.

Initially pre-Romanesque in style, it has undergone different modifications over time, adapting to different styles and needs. The last addition to be made in the building is the bell tower, which dates from the 18th century.

Cemetery (sX - s.XIX): the cemetery area was around the church (lower esplanade and area between the apse of the church and the lower defensive tower of the castle). In the cemetery you can see anthropomorphic tombs from the 10th and 11th centuries and the remains of niches built in the 19th century.

Gothic Room (XIV): in Berenguer Bertran's time there is an extension of the building and it occupies the space between the tower and the church. Two buildings will be built on top of the old cemetery. There are almost no remains of these buildings, but as far as we know they were spaces used as a pantry.

Tower: originally from the 10th century, it had a defensive function and entered the castle from the lower area.

At the end of the 14th century, Berenguer Bertran, within the framework of the castle's reform and expansion, transformed this tower into a noble space for the castle.

Central zone: space delimited by walls not too high where the population could be raised, who usually lived outside walls, if there was a dangerous situation. Traces of lace and channels in the rock, a water cistern and the stable can still be identified.

Plaza del Pedró: the space is popularly called Plaza del Pedró, although it never had this function. Although now you can see a large esplanade, an old partially built and covered space. Originally it was the noble area of the castle (10th century - 14th century), very fortified, with an access located on the south side and with various constructions in the central area such as a master tower, a chapel, a building attached to the master tower and parade ground.

visits

  • A tour of the Castle: Free visit
    General rate: € 1
    Free rate: residents in Gelida, members of the Association of Friends of Gelida Castle, RECERCAT card, Carnet Jove and children under 9 years.

  • A Castle and a Church: includes audiovisual
    General rate: € 3
    Reduced rates: students, Youth Card, retirees, groups of at least 10 people, RECERCAT card: € 2
    Members of the Association of Friends of Gelida Castle: € 1
    Free rate: children under 9 years.
    Duration: 30min

  • A Brand Castle: guided tour of the lower part of the castle
    General rate: € 4
    Reduced rates: students, Youth Card, retirees, groups of at least 10 people, RECERCAT card: € 2.50
    Members of the Association of Friends of Gelida Castle: € 1.50
    Free rate: children under 9 years.
    Duration: 1h

  • A stone-by-stone castle: guided tour of the entire castle grounds
    General rate: € 5
    Reduced rates: students, Youth Card, retirees, groups of at least 10 people, RECERCAT card: € 4
    Members of the Association of Friends of Gelida Castle: € 3
    Free rate: children under 9 years.
    Duration: 1h and 30 min

  • A Castle of the Mark and medieval tasting: guided tour of the lower part of the castle plus tasting of medieval cuisine. Minimum 4 people. Previous reservation is required with a minimum of 3 days in advance.
    General rate: € 6
    Reduced rate : groups of at least 10 people: € 4.50
    Duration: 1h and 30min

  • A stone-by-stone castle and medieval tasting: a guided tour of the entire castle grounds plus a tasting of medieval cuisine. Minimum 4 people. Previous reservation is required with a minimum of 3 days in advance.
    General price: € 7
    Reduced rate : groups of at least 10 people: € 6
    Duration: 2h

Opening hours of the castle grounds

  • The castle grounds are open to the public from Tuesday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
  • Weekends and holidays, from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
  • Closed Monday
  • Closed from December 21, 2020 to January 11, 2021
  • Guided tour hours: 10:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m.

Other activities:

Gelida Modernist Route

The Gelida Castle Interpretation Center offers the Gelida Modernist Route on the last Sunday of each month .

Through this route, visitors will get to know the main characteristics of this cultural movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the society that created it and the particularities of modernism in Penedès.

The tour takes place through the city center, and is suitable for all ages. The route includes a tour of 9 modernist houses: Hay Boada, Marie Delgado, Ca Adela or Casa Figueras, Cal Palahí, Cal Folch, Casa Sara, Cal Jové, Can Valls or Escuelas Viejas and Casa Pallejà.

  • Last Sunday of each month except August and December
  • Start time: 12:30 p.m. (also offered on agreed days and times)
  • Prior reservation must be made.
  • Starting point: Plaza de la Iglesia
  • Duration: 1 hr 30 min
  • Prices: € 3; € 2.5 groups (minimum 12 people). Free for children under 9 years old.
  • The route will take place if there is a minimum of 8 people signed up

From castle to winery: Gelida wine tourism route

This proposal will allow you to take a tour of Gelida and its surroundings and get to know its wine tourism heritage up close: the cultivation of the vine and the production of wines and cavas with the Penedès designation of origin, which gives the Penedès landscape a unique charm, and history, which has left its mark on the territory through a rich heritage formed by the Gelida castle, the pre-Romanesque church of San Pedro, and the town, where you will find farmhouses, modernist and summer houses, and a 1924 funicular.

The tour we propose begins with a guided visit to Gelida Castle and continues in one of the four wineries near Gelida (Masia Can Pasqual de Gelida, Vins el Cep, Caves Torelló and Bodegues Sumarroca), located in old farmhouses and where you can taste the wines and cavas they produce. At the end there is the option to eat in one of the restaurants in the villa. The route is offered on the days and hours of operation of the Interpretation Center, with prior reservation.

  • Start time: 10:30 am
  • Prior reservation must be made.
  • Starting point: Gelida Castle
  • Displacement: in your own vehicle
  • Duration: 1 h 30 minutes in the castle and 1 h 30 minutes in the cellar
  • Prices: € 12 (visit to the castle € 4 and visit and tasting at the winery € 8 *;
    * Visit and tasting at Caves Torelló € 10

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