Castell de Gelida Gelida

Camí Castell, s/n. Gelida

The castle of Gelida (sX - XVIII)

The castle of Gelida extends on a rocky spur of the mountain range of Ordal, delimited between the torrents of Cantillepa and San Miguel. The fortress, which has its origin in the tenth century in the context of the border that separated the territories of Al Andalus and the Catalan counties, is formed by the building of the castle and the church of San Pedro, also of the tenth century, old parish of the castle and later of the town of Gelida.

The structures visible today are the result of a historical process along which phases of abandonment and reconstruction have taken place, also marked by changes in the functionality of the spaces.

A little history...

The origins of the castle of Gelida: some authors point to the existence of a previous Muslim fortification; that finds its justification in some concrete structures of the castle and in the origin of the place name Gelida, attributed to the Berber tribe of the Ban? Gellidasen, from which the current name would derive and, therefore, with a meaning far removed from the popular interpretation that links it to the cold.

The border castle (sX - XIV): the origin of the castle of Gelida, as well as that of most of the fortresses of the defensive line of which it is a part, we must look for it at the time of the repopulation of the right band of Llobregat, which starts with Gifré and from 878.

The first documents that speak of the castle are from the year 945 in the documentation of which is the expression "and n terminio de castrum Gellito".

This border castle had the function of controlling the border area that separated the territories of Al Andalus, south of the border, and the Catalan counties, north of the border. Specifically the castle of Gelida depended on the county of Barcelona.

Purchase of the Castle by Berenguer Bertran (1367): Berenguer Bertran was a very wealthy banker from Barcelona who, aspiring to rise socially to noble status, bought the Barony of Gelida, formed by the castle, other small towns, a large extension of lands and their inhabitants. Find the castle in an advanced state of ruin and decide to reform and adapt to their needs, more like a palace than a castle for war.

Berenguer Bertran died of the black plague and was buried after the sarcophagus in the church, along with his son Nicolás.

Abandonment and destruction of the castle: in the sixteenth century the castle has a small population and sporadic military use; for this reason it is no longer a comfortable place and the house of the Lord is built to the people to lodge the lord of the castle when he makes his stays.

The castle of Gelida did not have a luck different from the majority of castles of Catalonia: in 1714 it was destroyed, although it was symbolically, with the demolition of the tower of the homage on the part of the troops of Felipe V like retaliation to the war of Succession.

From then on, the castle is abandoned and gradually collapsed, vegetation invades the site and the stones are used to make new constructions or to supply the lime kilns.

What can be seen in the castle:

Church of San Pedro del Castillo (X - XVIII century): documented since 998, it was the parish of the castle and later of Gelida until the year 1871, when the new parish of Gelida was built.

Initially of pre-Romanesque style, it has undergone different modifications during the course of time, adapting to different styles and needs. The last addition that will be made in the building is the bell tower, dating from the eighteenth century.

Cemetery (sX - s.XIX): the cemetery area was around the church (lower esplanade and area between the apse of the church and the lower defensive tower of the castle). In the cemetery you can see anthropomorphic tombs of the tenth and eleventh centuries and the remains of the niches built in the nineteenth century.

Gothic Room (XIV): in Berenguer Bertran's time there is an extension of the building and occupies the space between the tower and the church. Two buildings will be built above the old cemetery. Almost no remains of these buildings are preserved, but for what we know they were spaces used as a pantry.

Tower: originally from the tenth century, had a defensive function and entrance to the castle by the lower area.

At the end of the 14th century Berenguer Bertran, within the framework of the renovation and extension that the castle carries out, transforms this tower into a noble space of the castle.

Central zone: space delimited by not too high walls where the population could be raised, that habitually lived outside walls, if a situation of danger occurred. The traces of lace and channels in the rock, a cistern of water and the stable can still be identified.

Plaza del Pedró: the space is popularly called the Plaza del Pedró, although it never had this function. Although now you see a large esplanade, an old space partially built and covered. Originally it was the noble area of ​​the castle (X century - XIV century), very fortified, with an access located on the south side and with several buildings in the central area such as a master tower, a chapel, a building attached to the master tower and the parade ground.

visits

Guided visit to the church of San Pedro, where an audiovisual project is projected, and free visit to the permanent exhibition of the Interpretation Center

  • Duration: 30 minutes
  • Prices: € 2. Free for children under 9 years old.

general visit

  • Guided tour of the lower part of the castle that includes an audiovisual, the visit to the church of San Pedro and the permanent exhibition of the Interpretation Center.
  • Duration: 45 minutes
  • Prices: € 3; € 2.5 students and youth card, retirees and groups (minimum 12 people); € 1 AACG members. Free for children under 9 years old.

complete visit

  • Guided tour of the entire castle grounds including an audiovisual, visit to the church of San Pedro and the permanent exhibition of the Interpretation Center.
  • Duration: 1 h 30 minutes
  • Prices: € 5; € 4 students and youth card, retirees and groups (minimum 12 people); € 3 members of the AACG. Free for children under 9 years old.

General visit and tasting

  • Guided tour of the lower part of the castle that includes an audiovisual, the visit to the church of San Pedro and the permanent exhibition of the Interpretation Center and is completed with the tasting of a dessert, pepper and wafer wine, prepared following recipes of medieval cuisine.
  • Groups from 12 people
  • You have to make a reservation.
  • Duration: 1 h 30 minutes
  • Price: € 4

Full visit and tasting

  • Guided tour of the entire castle grounds including an audiovisual, visit to the church of San Pedro and the permanent exhibition of the Interpretation Center and complete with the tasting of a dessert, pepper and wafer wine, prepared following recipes of medieval cuisine.
  • Groups from 12 people
  • You have to make a reservation.
  • Duration: 2 h
  • Price: € 5.50

Opening hours of the castle grounds

  • The castle grounds are open to the public from Tuesday to Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
  • Weekends and holidays, from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
  • Closed Monday
  • Closed from December 21, 2019 to January 8, 2020
  • Guided tour hours: 10: 30h and 12: 30h

Other activities:

Modernist route of Gelida

The Interpretation Center of the Castle of Gelida offers the last Sunday of every month the Modernist Route of Gelida.

Through this route, visitors will know the main characteristics of this cultural movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the society that created it and the particularities of modernism in the Penedès.

The tour takes place through the center of the city, and is suitable for all ages. The route includes a tour through 9 modernist houses: Hay Boada, Marie Delgado, Ca Adela or Casa Figueras, Cal Palahí, Casa Folch, Casa Sara, Cal Jové, Can Valls or Escuelas Viejas and Casa Pallejà.

  • Last Sunday of every month except August and December
  • Start time: 12:30 h (also offered on agreed days and times)
  • You have to make a reservation.
  • Start place: Church Square
  • Duration: 1 h 30 min
  • Prices: € 3; € 2.5 groups (minimum 12 people). Free for children under 9 years old.
  • The route will be carried out if there is a minimum of 8 people targeted

From the winery in the castle: Gelida wine route

This proposal will allow you to take a walk around Gelida and its surroundings and get to know its wine tourism heritage up close: the cultivation of the vine and the elaboration of wines and cavas, the Penedès designation of origin, which gives the Penedès landscape a singular charm, and history, which has left its mark on the territory through a rich heritage formed by the castle of Gelida, the pre-Romanesque church of San Pedro, and the town, where you will find farmhouses, modernist and summer homes, and a funicular from 1924.

The route we propose begins with a visit to one of the four Gelida wineries (Can Pasqual de Gelida, Vins el Cep, Caves Torelló and Caves Sumarroca), located in old farmhouses and where you can taste the wines and cavas they produce, and continues in the castle of Gelida. At the end you have the option to eat at one of the restaurants in the villa. The route is offered on the days and hours of operation of the Interpretation Center, with prior reservation.

  • Start time: 10:30 h
  • You have to make a reservation.
  • Start place: according to the selected winery
  • Displacement: in own vehicle
  • Duration: 1 h 30 minutes to the winery and 1 h 30 minutes at the castle
  • Prices: € 11 (visit and tasting at the winery € 8; visit to the castle € 3)
    * Visit and tasting at Caves Torelló € 10

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