A stroll through the gardens surrounding Barcelona
The gardens are areas where it is grown, pleasure, diverse vegetation orderly and combined with other elements such as fountains and sculptures.
These gardens, as they called once before the adoption of the French word "garden", have a long tradition dating back to the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
However, today's gardens cover other functions, in addition to the aesthetic pleasure, can preserve natural species and investigate, are elements of support in education and enable the practice of ecotourism.
Moreover, they become a green and clean air in areas with high population density, such as Barcelona.
For all these reasons this month we invite you to take a tour of the gardens are in the vicinity of Barcelona to fill the lungs with a deep breath of fresh air.
A healthy route that takes you through the villages of the Baix Llobregat Sant Feliu de Llobregat , Egham , Sant Joan Despi , Gava , Cornellà de Llobregat and Esplugues de Llobregat .
Historic garden vs. Botanical Garden
In the proposed route can differentiate between historic gardens and botanical gardens.
The historic gardens, according to UNESCO, are those natural spaces with architectural and horticultural composition, made ??by humans, that reveal an interest in historic or artistic character and at the same time, I supposed to be regarded as monuments.
They therefore have a social, historical or artistic remarkable.
Botanical gardens are natural areas where their interest lies in the species or varieties that have.
Jardines del Palau Fern
In the seventeenth century James Fern built a great palace of 2,800 m² in Sant Feliu de Llobregat , which surrounded by gardens that touched the river.
The origin of this huge palace comes from the purchase of two houses touching the peasant Jaume Rovira.
The fern were a wealthy family and rich with relationships and connections with others of the same rank, such as Cut, with those who came to emparentarse. So it is not surprising that Grab Bag, chronicle written by Rafael de Amat and Cortada, was found in the palace.
These manuscripts cite some spaces of the Palace and its gardens and the fountain with the statue of Neptune, work done in 1858 by sculptor Dubray, one of the noble rooms or, the figure of the god Bacchus which was imported from Italy.
The owners and occupants of the palace have been mixed. They stayed kings like Philip V, was meeting space and meeting place for aristocrats and bourgeois during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, was occupied by the UGT and the Catalan party and has even been owned by a Japanese company.
This space was private until 1995 that it became a public park when it became the property of the municipality of Sant Feliu de Llobregat .
The palace has been renovated but still keeps its neoclassical houses the School of Music of Sant Feliu.
The Torreblanca Park
The park covers an area of 12 hectares and its formation has been, as in the case of the gardens of the Palace Fern, the transformation of a farm.
This farm became the mansion of the Marquis of Monistrol where they lived in the nineteenth century. This, however, was badly damaged during the civil war and so they decided to tear it down.
The beginnings of this park are in the romantic garden surrounding the house and that was attributed to be considered as a botanical garden can still be seen today, a variety of species of vegetation. In this area, located in the heart of the park, are imitating the romantic style buildings such as caves, grottoes, waterfalls, Lake ...
Around the middle of the park lies the modern park that occupies the space of the old fields of the farm. In the south, where he was the former palace, there is a plant maze. Also, in addition, there is an area of ??bananas and cypress avenues.
The botanical garden of the Museum of Gava
Getting into the Baix Llobregat and Garraf direction is the botanical garden of the Museum of Gava .
This is a space of 800 m² which takes visitors to the flora characteristic of the Garraf, Llobregat Delta and the Sierra del Ferreres by a varied sample of shapes and plant adaptations.
Any examples of this diversity are pines, oaks, palmettos and white steppes own Garraf, the Llobregat Delta reeds and artichokes and asparagus relevant agricultural area of Baix Llobregat.
This is interesting to visit for several seasons-summer, winter ... - and if its appearance is constantly changing.
The Park Can Mercader
Closer to Barcelona, ??specifically in Cornella de Llobregat , in elespacio border between the San Ildefonso and Almeda neighborhood of this town is historical park Can Mercader.
This is the most relevant and important park in the city of Cornellà that occupies what were the grounds of the old Palace of the Counts of Merchant and the Counts of Bell-Lloc, one of the most important and notable families of the time. The Palace, which still exists and is in the center of the park, was built between 1865 and 1870. Today it houses a museum on its premises and decorative arts.
This building is reached through the majestic avenue of bananas set the main axis of the park, crossing from south to north and central part communicating with the top where the lake, the gardens with gazebos and gazebos ... and the lower part where the vast expanse of games with miniature electric train, become the symbol and attraction of the park.
In terms of vegetation, are unique in Can Mercader banana trees, palm trees and palms Canary "whashingtonias".
Can Vidalet Park
Finally, Can Vidalet is one of the most important historic gardens Esplugues de Llobregat and Barcelona metropolitan area.
It is located in the bottom of the town, close to the border with L'Hospitalet. This is not trained as a park until the 50s because, previously, had been a fertile area for rainfed crops targeted but disappeared with the process of industrialization.
Can Vidalet Park, besides having a particular natural attractions, highlighted by the organization of space. This garden or park vegetation combined with geometric designs that arose spontaneously imitating artificially the natural landscape.
In this distribution of space, the water occupied a central role, which was distributed with small channels.
Related articles: Get to know the flora of Catalonia