Tossa de Mar
Shire: La Selva
Altitude: 5 m
The coastline of Tossa de Mar extends from the stream of Vallpresona, which forms a cove that bears the same name, to the east, to Cala Morisca the part of Lloret de Mar. In the middle are several coves, almost all generated by torrents or streams. In Tossa together the beauty of its maritime situation, with its islands and islets, with the historical landscape of the beginnings of the people of the twelfth century ramparts that rise majestic and imposing granite massif called on out of Tossa.
Tossa de Mar is an essentially Mediterranean town that has maintained the character of its fishing quarter and has made great efforts to preserve its natural environment.
The coastline, interspersed with numerous beaches and coves, forms one of the most emblematic of the Costa Brava landscapes. The mountain area, with a good layout of marked trails, allow the outdoorsman enjoy one of the great treasures of Tossa: its natural heritage and landscape.
This natural beauty is complemented by an important historical and artistic heritage, since as occurred in most of the coastal headlands of the current counties of Empordà and La Selva, Cape Tossa was inhabited by indigets, the population pre-Roman Iberian. The name of the village was called Turissa, which over time evolved phonetically to the current name of Tossa.
Some of its most important elements of the population are detailed below.
The walled enclosure of the Vila Vella (s. XIII) declared historical artistic monument is the only example of a fortified medieval town that still exists in the Catalan coast.
We also find the archaeological remains of the Roman town of Almendros (s. I aC-s.VI AD), one of the most interesting of this ancient Roman province.
This villa appears that belonged to a senior military official of the Roman Empire. It is especially devoted to growing grapes and wine exports of consumer goods, which are normally sent to Rome for the consumption of the soldiers in the field, it is a classic example of farming in the Roman Mediterranean area, which combines perfectly the exploitation of the territory, which in the case of the village of the Almendros extended through much of the town of Tossa, with the luxury and amenities of their owners. The activity of this town died down gradually until the s. VIII, time of the Islamic invasion and the subsequent process of feudalization, which caused radical changes in the social field and in the agricultural area.
We can not forget the collections of painting was the first Museum of Contemporary Art in the Peninsula.
Tossa de Mar offers a modern tourist infrastructure, equipped with a wide range of tourist accommodation and complemented by a good gastronomy, sports, commercial offer, entertainment and recreation.
In fact, the first written news referring to Tossa appear in a document of 881. In 966, the Count of Barcelona left in testament to Santa Maria de Ripoll, founded by his grandfather, the valley of Tossa with the churches of Saint-Lions and San Vicente. the term was sparsely populated by farmers living inland in small houses and huts, and fishermen gathered around the ruins of the Roman town of Almendros, where he was also its cemetery. But the monastery did not take possession of the donation until 1097. Almost a century later, in 1186, thanks to the gradual reconquest of the sea lanes by Christianity, the increase in population and the request tosenses, continually they were threatened by pirates who came from north Africa, the abbot Ramon de Berga granted charter franchise and settlement and built a small castle in the highest part (now defunct) cap de Tossa, as well as a walled enclosure in order to protect its future inhabitants. That was how slowly began to urbanize the promontory, with few changes, it has remained until today, for a stable population to engage in trade and fisheries.
From s. XVI population began to expand outside the walls and the first buildings were built in the district of Sa Roqueta and following the high road, which led to the current population.
The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were the largest maritime development of Tossa. There was a large fleet of fishing boats and numerous cabotage, which is engaged in trade of seafood and forest: salting, firewood, charcoal, cork, salted meat, etc. In the S. XVIII even there were some boats families Tossa who devoted themselves to trade with America.
The s. XVII and especially s. XVIII centuries were a larger population growth in Tossa, from a population that had a 80-90 houses in the s. XV, in the amount of 500 houses in the s. XVIII.
From s. XIX maritime activity began to decline and concentrated virtually on fishing and salting. Meanwhile, growing a new economic activity based on the cork industry and production of plugs, which lasted until the beginning of s. XX.
The twentieth century made Tossa acogiera artists and intellectuals of all kinds and also a budding tourism starring mostly by people from Barcelona. The Civil War and the Second World War, but this time ended.
They came the difficult years of the war and, in 1950, the shooting of the film "Pandora and the Flying Dutchman", which meant the further promotion of Tossa of the whole story, giving way to a tourism industry that has remained until the present.
As for the cuisine, fresh fish and seafood are undoubtedly the star of its cuisine, but the kitchen Tossa also includes a significant presence of vegetables, meats and fruits, often cooked in casserole on the basis of stir-fry made with patience, and with the final touch of taste provided by the bites so characteristic of the area.
To publicize the local cuisine, Tossa de Mar holds three gastronomic campaigns where several restaurants in the municipality participate: Traditional cuisine TOSSENSE, held throughout the year, Noodle Casserole, in June, and Kitchen of the Summit and grave, during the month of September.
The natural environment of Tossa also proposed five routes on foot and three mountain bike routes to show the diversity of landscapes and richness of the environment through solid Ardenya chairs.
Two of these routes passed through a stretch of coastal path, appreciating the beauty of the landscape of the Costa Brava and typically Mediterranean, such as cliffs, coves and turquoise waters, constituting a natural setting of extraordinary natural beauty.
These routes are marked with strips vertically and painted in its path.