Castellar de n'Hug
Castellar de n'Hug is a municipality in the Berguedà region located on the border with the Ripollès region.
The etymological origin of Castellar de n'Hug has two parts: on the one hand, Castellar, which seems to indicate that it comes from a border castle, and the second, about which there are more doubts. Either from the proper name Hug or Uc or the word nuce , which means stream, which would make perfect sense, taking into account the source of the river.
One of the main attractions of Castellar de n'Hug is, without a doubt, the source of the Llobregat river, known as the sources of the Llobregat. It is an attractive place that attracts many tourists due to its enviable crystalline and cold waters fresh from the mountains. Everyone surrenders to her beauty and her touch. Everyone who goes, decides -at one point or another- to touch the water. In summer it is cold and in winter even more. Even so, it is still a pleasure to enjoy the experience of feeling the rainwater and melting snow in liquid form.
Regarding religious buildings, Castellar de n'Hug has two churches: Santa María de Castellar de n'Hug and San Vicente de Rus. The first is of Romanesque origin and preserves the four-storey bell tower with round arched windows, although it was transformed in the neoclassical period. The second also belongs to the Romanesque, in this case located in the 11th century and with a single barrel-vaulted nave and semicircular apse. Outside it has Lombard decorations. Currently, it is renovated and inside there are paintings from the 13th and 14th centuries.
In the field of unique buildings, it is worth highlighting two museums. The Museum or Casa del Pastor, where the history of this profession that is being lost over the years is explained. And, the Asland Cement Museum located in the Clot del Moro. This old modernist-style cement factory built in 1901 by Eusebi Güell was converted into a museum in 1992. It was the first industrial cement factory in Catalonia that operated until 1975. In 2005 it was declared a Cultural Asset of National Interest and is included in the Museum of Science and Technology of Catalonia.
Castellar de n'Hug is also famous for the International Shepherd Dog Competition. This contest has been held since 1962, when a group of shepherds decided to meet to compete to see who had the best shepherd dog. Since then, it has been held on the last Sunday of August and is part of the Championship of Shepherd Dog Contests of the Catalan Countries.
Places of interest
- Farga Vella Waterfalls
- Sources of the Llobregat
- Monument to the catalan "d'atura" dog
- Asland Cement Museum
- Shepherd's Museum
- Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park
- Sant Joan de Cornudell
- Sant Vicenc de Rus
- Santa Maria de n'Hug
- Cement Train