The industrial Revolution

The industrial Revolution

Catalonia, together with the Basque Country are the only two areas in Spain that during the second part of the 18th century already joined the Industrial Revolution from the United Kingdom. But it will not be until the 19th century that it becomes much more evident. In Catalonia it will be the textile industry (with cotton first and wool second) that will take on more importance.

Due to the difficulty of obtaining coal in Catalonia, another rural industry will be developed taking advantage of the hydraulic energy provided by the Ter and Llobregat rivers. This new industrial model will promote the creation of industrial colonies, a central phenomenon and very characteristic of Catalan industrialization. The industrial colony constitutes a production unit, an industrial town, which is dedicated to the cotton textile industry, generally located near the river. It has houses where workers live, it has certain services that meet the needs of the population but also respond to the interest to achieve stability and control of the workforce. The complex is presided over by the church and the tower of the master, where the owner of the colony lives. The relations of production and social life are governed by the absolute predominance of the owner's property.

Of the almost hundred textile colonies that exist in Catalonia, we will not find two alike; they have been and are still living towns that have evolved over more than a hundred years of life, like the rest of towns and cities in our country.

 

Textil colonies in Berguedà

In the late eighteenth century rural areas away from the big city and the river was spent which were the focus of many manufacturers of the time in order to install…

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Itinerary through the factories of Santa Maria de Palautordera

We leave the Plaza de la Villa along Calle de la Cruz until the roundabout that we must cross going straight where we will take the old Mosqueroles road and in…

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150 years of the railway from Tarragona to Martorell

During 2015 this anniversary was commemorated by eleven different entities have in common regain railway heritage - Institute of Penedesencs Studies, Friends of…

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The paper path for Catalonia

The paper sources The paper sources are in China. It is said that this was invented in the year 105 by the Chinese Minister of Agriculture of the time I had gotten…

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Cork route in Cassà de la Selva

Train station The narrow gauge railway in Sant Feliu de Guíxols was built to favor the booming cork industry, which in Cassà de la Selva had a special…

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The leather path in Igualada

At that time, the industry Igualada ranked as one of the most important in Catalonia, and the leather tanneries that housed the town. Being so big its relevance…

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Vapors, factories and cooperatives of the industrial Mataró

Mataró conserves a rich industrial heritage: steamers, factories, cooperatives... With this route you can discover the beginnings of industrialization and…

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The Baix Llobregat, a trip through history

The region The Baix Llobregat region bordering the coast, is located south of Barcelona and is known to be one of the most important industrial engines Catalonia…

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Establishments

Museu de la Ciència i de la Tècnica de Catalunya (mNACTEC)

Terrassa

The mNACTEC headquarters is located in Terrassa, in one of the most…

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Museu-Arxiu Municipal de Calella Josep M. Codina i Bagué

Calella

The Museum-archive takes us into the factory activities of the 18th, 19th…

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Museu de les Mines de Cercs

Cercs

Dedicated monographically to coal, it is a museum of technique and history…

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Museu de la colònia Vidal de Puig-Reig

Puig-reig

The visit to Colonia Vidal de Puig-reig allows us to capture how…

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Museu de la Tècnica de Manresa

Manresa

The Technical Museum of Manresa is located in the monumental building of…

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Museu del Ferrocarril

Móra la Nova

Located in the old railway facilities Mora la Nova, where you can…

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Related events

Textile fair in Salt

Salt

In tribute to all the workers of the textile factories saltenques, the City Council of Salt, together with the Neighborhood Neighborhood Association, organize the…

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Guided visit to the Hemalosa space

Santa Maria d'Oló

Enjoy a 2km walking route to the Hemalosa space of Santa Maria de Oló to discover the transformation that the town had since the appearance of the textile…

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Textile Fair in Cal Rosal

Olvan

The textile activity has shaped the landscape and character of a good part of the Berguedà region, especially the one closest to the banks of the Llobregat…

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Industrial Tourism Week in Catalonia

The Catalan Industrial Tourism Network (XATIC) organizes this year a new edition of the Industrial Tourism Week. It is a very special opportunity to discover the…

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Days of the Industrial Colonies of Berguedà

Gironella

The concentration of existing textile colonies in Berguedà is a unique environment throughout Europe that places Berguedà and Catalonia at the spearhead…

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Steam Fair of Sant Vicenç de Castellet

Sant Vicenç de Castellet

The Steam Fair recreates daily life in Sant Vicenç de Castellet between 1868 and 1923, when the railroad and the beat of the textile factories went with…

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News

Giveaway: weekend at Guitart Grand Passage in Barcelona

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Three award-winning cheese factories that we can not miss Llobregat…

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Reconnect with Catalonia

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For Sant Jordi, let's make paper roses with femturism

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Events

Belen de Arena de la Pineda (Vila-seca)

02/12/2020 - 08/01/2020

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