Shire: Baix Ebre
Altitude: 13 m
Tivenys is a municipality that is located in the northern part of the Baix Ebre. Its name comes from the Arabic word al-Hanash Tibbs, meaning land of snakes. Your environment is surrounded by mountains Cardó of saws and Buinaca Boix.
Tivenys The term includes several population centers, apart from the central, scattered throughout the territory. Among them are the Escampells, Andust Horta, Horta Assut, the Mora, the Murta, Part Barqueta, Part Coll de Som, Part Majon, Vall les Planes and gardens.
Historically, there is not too much information to the Iberian period Tivenys. From now found a village situated on a hill. This town has characteristics that make it special as the fact that he was surrounded by a wall. Nowadays the foundations of the wall are preserved, like the foundations of a tower and found remains of pottery and amphorae, which makes think that traded with other peoples such as the Phoenicians or the Greeks.
The Arab civilization was very important in this area during the Middle Ages. His presence has made ??a great influence in the area and probably the most important building in the town of Tivenys: Weir. This weir consists of a check dam that was done to facilitate the irrigation of the fields in the area. It is believed that the first sample of this dam was built in the late eleventh century by the Arabs. Still, that remains today began in 1440 and makes 375m long, 3.5 m at the coronation, 24m wide at relliscador, 35m and 7m deep basement. In 2002 it was declared a Cultural Asset of National Interest by the Generalitat of Catalonia as a historical monument.
Once the land in the area recovered after the reconquest, Tivenys passed into the hands of the Templars They built the Convent House, cemetery, church, hospital and two watchtowers. Som still retains the foundation and from the point where it is you can see a good view of the valley of the Ebro River and Dam, the other is the Moorish tower that is so called because it was built in Moorish times. The presence of the Templars did develop the ceramics industry that was later stopped by the expulsion of the Moors from the peninsula.
During the twentieth century the area near Tivenys was the scene of the Battle of the Ebro and although the population suffered no attack directly, yes it was affected by several thefts and destruction.
Today, in the Municipal Park Tivenys find that has become a playground to relax enjoying the diversity of vegetation. At this point the river crib is held during the Christmas holidays.
A Tivenys is also the parish church of San Miguel Arcangel, San Benito and San Antonio Abad was built during the eighteenth century. Its exterior is neoclassical and the interior has a great influence of Byzantine and Gothic art.
Like other buildings is also the flour, located near the Dam, the cement factory in the portland also worked, as barracks, old church of San Isidro which was used as headquarters of the Guardia Civil, and the house that Arena believed to have been a convent.
One of the most significant festivals is Tivenys Handicrafts and Tourism Fair in traditional crafts, culture and cuisine of the people exposed. Held on 12 October and the weekend closest to it.