Altitude: 59 m
The CATLLAR Tarragonés is a municipality formed by various developments and farms, which is located to the right edge of the river Gaia on a small hill of 59 meters.
The municipality of the CATLLAR has a long history dating back to the eleventh century. The term of the CATLLAR was part of the territory ceded by the Count of Barcelona, ??Ramon Berenguer I, Montoliu Pontius in 1066, his family took the rights to the municipality until 1344, when he sold Humbert de Montoliu Pere Requesens. Throughout history, the CATLLAR was changing hands to become family property Queralt, who maintained their rights on the town until the end of the manors.
The CATLLAR, throughout his years, has been immersed in different wars, as the Catalan Civil War (1462-72) which was an important strategic point for the General Provincial Council, and against the king John II, or Reapers War (1640) where he fought in a battle the writer Pedro Calderón de la Barca.
In CATLLAR can find remains of the castle of the town, which belonged to the Counts of Santa Coloma, of this magnificent castle built upon natural rock left standing only two rectangular towers and a wall that unites them. We can also see the church of San Juan Baptista, works which started the year 1776 on an ancient temple existing.
For those of you who like more distant history, in The CATLLAR remains have been found in Paleolithic els Vinyets a site that has been preserved thanks to the waters of the swamp. Other sites in the same period have been found in the Caves de l'Apothecary, Tomas Caves and the Seguera Abrics els.
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