Modernism, the Catalan form of Art Nouveau, had the head of this style in Barcelona Antoni Gaudí.
On this route we will review the landmarks of this great architect in Barcelona and not so known but equally important to fully understand who this character was and what was his work in the Catalan capital.
Antoni Gaudí, the great teacher
He was a man of deep Christian roots and convictions with great patriotic sentiment in Catalonia and with some reminiscences of romance but at the time, wanted to innovate and move to contemporary history.
Include its listed as world's leading personality of the day Barcelona and followers and admirers who were between the Catalan bourgeoisie, made ??him worth the patronage of Eusebi Guell, which marks much of his work.
Its eclectic architecture based on natural forms both in the exteriors and interiors is now a work recognized and awarded by various communities and organizations.
First stop: Ciutat Vella
Following the tour of the old modernist route, start the tour Gaudi very close to the Ramblas.
In the street Nou de la Rambla, we find the Palau Guell was built between 1886 and 1888 and World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. This building was one of the most important projects commissioned by Güell Gaudí. This is a spectacular mansion with an abundance of decorative art. It is characterized by merging Gothic and Moorish art and to feature wrought iron indisputable. In the front you can see four bars of the landmark, a symbol of Catalan patriotism Güell family. Inside the building, it is important to note the use of brick in the basement (former stables) and the Catalan vault as architectural resource.
Crossing Las Ramblas, one arrives at the Royal Plaza, where you can see street lamps (1879) by the same architect that accompany the Fountain of the Three Graces.
Second station: L'Eixample
In a Casp Street, number 48, we find the Casa Calvet (1898-1900), commissioned by the Calvet family textile business. This building, which at first glance does not seem to Gaudí, is a work with baroque details inside. In accounting offices, management and boardrooms can eat today in a fantastic modern cuisine restaurant, the Restaurante Casa Calvet.
If you're headed to the mountains, on the Paseo de Gracia, we find the Casa Batllo (1904) immersed in the "Apple of Discord", which is already talk in the previous route. This house, whose roof resembles the scales of a fish, is a condensed version of Gaudi constructive rave. Every detail has a special interest ornamental, every fence forged, every window, every ceramic tile have been treated in a special way and all together forming a mosaic that causes many different feelings to him, the work was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2005.
If we continue going up the Paseo de Gracia, find another landmark building of Gaudi's work: the Casa Mila (1905-1910). This block of houses, which was also declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984, was commissioned by the Milà family and was considered at first, as a large block of stone. Hence its common name "La Pedrera". This home is special for its mysterious aura and the different colors you have with the light of the different times of day. In addition, it should highlight all symbolic details it contains, including also the roof where we can stroll among soldier fireplaces, arches reminiscent of Romanesque art and trencadissos (mosaic-like technique).
Continuing works of genius touring the city, we got to the building that probably covers occupies more tourist guides Barcelona : The Sagrada Familia (1882 -?). Few new things can be said of this construction in progress, whose crypt, along with the facade of the Nativity, was declared a World Heritage Site in 2005. This is the most visited tourist spot of Catalonia with a count of 3 million visitors annually in recent years. Its unfinished state makes many back to see your progress. Many say that the Holy Family is the Bible turned into a building, since it is projected many passages from the holy book. What can not be denied is that this building forever mark and mark the Skyline of the city of Barcelona and its night lighting gives it a mystical and special.
Third Station: other works by Gaudi in the city
In the district of Gracia, in the middle of narrow streets and slightly steep, we find the Casa Vicens, built between 1883-1888 and World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2005. Emphasizes the use of the straight line, decorative pottery and wrought iron entrance of the building. This was one of the first works of the architect.
In the highest part of the city, on a peak formerly known as "Bald Mountain" can visit the Great Park Güell (1900-1914), residential project designed by Gaudí, where you had to build a set of bourgeois homes. The project mimicked the style of the aristocratic class of England living in so-called garden cities: they were homes set amidst nature in a totally designed for people who lived there, could make a social life completely filled within the enclosure. Unfortunately, the project did not succeed and only built one house, the house shows, where Gaudí lived the last years of his life and where you can now visit the Casa-Museu Gaudí. The park features the famous dragon sculpture, the square rises on a room and from which there are views of the city that you can not miss or entry halls, accompanied by the famous ceramic Trencadís for all sites . Guell Park was inscribed on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984.
Since we go to Park Guell or Casa Bellesguard Figueres (1900-1909), designed by Gaudí on an ancient castle at the foot of Collserola. That's why the building looks like a Gothic castle. Stresses the tower taper ends and the four-armed cross typical architecture. Again, in this brick building is again the protagonist.
We move now to the Paseo Manuel Girona, 55-57, where the entrance to a residential area in the upper part of the city's oldest street Finca Miralles (1901-1902). Its undulating shape, its cover broken pieces of pottery and four-armed cross made ??of wrought iron, make this place is unmistakably Gaudi.
In the area of the Royal Palace, find the Pavilions Güell (1884-1887), on Avenida Pedralbes, number 7. These two buildings that house had gatekeepers Güell family and the farm stables. They are united by a wrought iron gate with floral motifs, a medallion with the G Güell and a large dragon.
Finally, another great architectural work of Gaudi: the College of the Sisters (1888-1889), Calle Ganduxer numbers 85-105. This building continues to be a school and, therefore, their views are restricted to Saturdays and Sundays. The highlight of the building is its interior, based on parabolic arches and luminosity.
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